Improving coastal resilience depends critically on coastal intelligence and developing a deeper understanding of coastal processes, dynamics, and vulnerability to anthropogenic and natural stressors. Theme Iaddresses this high research priority for NOAA through a combination of coastal observations, advanced modeling, development of new remotes sensing tools, and assessment of environmental and socioeconomic efficacy of developed approaches for mitigating these stressors. The new remote sensing approaches that will be developed target existing sensors but will also explore the new, enhanced capabilities (higher spectral, spatial and temporal resolution) afforded by future ocean color sensors.
Project I: CREST Coastal Ocean Observing Systems
Among NOAA’s highest priorities is investing in and extending its observational infrastructure, from satellite- and aircraft-based sensors, to shipboard measurements, and water-monitoring sites used to monitor and forecast water quality, ecosystem processes, extreme events and coastal hazards. CREST research contributes to NOAA's efforts to develop integrated coastal ocean observing systems and networks with advanced measurement capabilities.
- CREST Ocean Observatories in Critical Coastal Regions
- Integration of observations into models for coastal hazard mitigation
Project II: Ecosystem health towards sustainability: Development of coastal water quality and ecosystem health indicators
Climate variability and anthropogenic disturbances have broad ecological impacts on coastal ecosystems by affecting water quality, leading to eutrophication and acidification, and impacting the occurrence and intensity of natural hazards such as harmful algal blooms (HABs). CREST applies in-situ and satellite observations to develop remote sensing tools for monitoring and assessment of physicochemical and biological indicators relevant to coastal water-quality and ecosystem health.
- Improved monitoring of HABs and their impacts in coastal eutrophic systems
- Development of Coastal Water Quality Indicators
- Developing in-situ and satellite-based environmental datasets for assessing resilience to disturbance in tropical coral reefs
The educational materials and activities developed will address key processes in coastal ecosystems, coastal resiliency and sustainability. Students will receive interdisciplinary training in science and engineering fields and will have the opportunity to develop skills and knowledge in a wide variety of research and analytical techniques, including hands on training on deployment and operation of a wide range of in-situ sensors for optical, physicochemical, biological, biogeochemical measurements in the field; development and evaluation of remote sensing bio-optical algorithms; as well as development and application of modeling tools for environmental and socio-economic assessments.